Diseases and Conditions of the Lower Back

Examples of Lumbar Problems that Result in Lower Back Pain

Lower back pain is often the result of lumbar disc degeneration due to age or injury to a vertebral disc. Here are some examples of conditions that can cause lower back pain:

  • Degenerating disc: A vertebral disc can deteriorate through a traumatic injury or simply through the natural aging process.
  • Bulging disc: A bulging disc is the result of a tear or rupture in the vertebral disc. The disc’s soft, gel-like center will then bulge out, placing pressure on the nerves and spinal cord.
  • Ruptured or herniated disc: A ruptured or herniated disc occurs when stress from the surrounding vertebrae causes the outer layer of the disc to tear or rupture. A ruptured disc will cause a patient pain, numbness or weakness in the lower back, legs and feet.
  • Thinning or flattening disc: As the body ages and vertebral discs start to wear down, the discs begin to flatten or thin. This forces the vertebrae closer together and puts additional stress on the disc, surrounding joints, muscles and nerves.
  • Bone spurs: Bone spurs (or osteophytes) are another condition caused by increased stress on vertebrae. Sometimes bone spurs will press against nearby nerves or the spinal cord, resulting in pain, weakness, tingling or numbness in the lower back, legs and feet.

More Information on Lower Back Pain Treatments

Learn more about the surgical options for treating lumbar disc degeneration and the M6-L™ artificial lumbar disc procedure.